Morocco – Essaouira Medina, formerly known as Mogador
Essaouira, is a city on the Atlantic coast. The modern name means “the little rampart”, a reference to the fortress walls that still enclose part of the city.
The medina is home to many small arts and crafts businesses, notably cabinet making and ‘thuya’ wood-carving (using roots of the Tetraclinis tree), both of which have been practised in Essaouira for centuries.
The fishing harbour, suffering from the competition of Agadir and Safi remains rather small, although the catches (sardines, conger eels) are surprisingly abundant due to the coastal upwelling generated by the powerful trade winds and the Canaries Current. Essaouira remains one of the major fishing harbours of Morocco.